Characterizes Of Bipolar Disorders
Bipolar disorders are a heterogeneous set of illnesses characterized by mood disturbances and subjective distress. In the studies of the World Health Organization on the global morbidity of diseases, this alteration ranks sixth among all medical disorders. Constituting one of the most common, severe, and persistent mental illnesses. The strong impact on the occupational and social function that this disorder has led to qualifying it as one of the most disabling diseases. Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Lahore.
Approaching the best in bipolar disorder treatment is Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Lahore
A Global Health Problem
It is currently one of the most discussed issues internationally. In the field of psychiatry, recognizes as a global health problem. With repercussions from the health and economic point of view and great personal and family suffering.
Considerations To the Spectrum of Disease
The new considerations in relation to the spectrum of the disease widen the range in the knowledge of its various forms of expression. Latent and evident in the carriers of the disease. This not recognized in different current classification systems. But this excessive breadth in the definitions of clinical entities could delay basic research. That seeks to find the genetic and neurobiological bases of mood disorders. For clinicians and researchers this amplitude is one of the main problems. That is essential to resolve. When understanding if we are facing a patient with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (BD) or not.
This disorder characterizes by its cyclical course and its great polymorphism. In it there is an alteration of the mood. This changes in the level of energy, activity, and in the ability to carry out daily activities appreciates. Depressive, manic, and hypomanic episodes may occur. And the patient may be euthymic for certain periods, although inter-episode symptoms may persist. Depressive episodes may or may not show atypical symptoms or symptoms of melancholy. And are much more frequent than manic episodes, with the consequent impact on the person’s life.
Two Main Types Bipolar Disorder
There are two main types, these are Bipolar Disorder Type I (TBI) and Type II (TBII).
Bipolar Disorder Type I (TBI)
Type I characterizes by episodes of mania and depression,
Bipolar Disorder Type II (TB II)
type II by episodes of hypomania and depression.
The main difference between the two is the severity of the manic symptoms. Mania causes severe impairment in function. This includes psychotic symptoms, and often requires hospitalization. In contrast, hypomania is not severe enough to cause significant impairment in occupational and social functioning. And hospitalization is not necessary in these patients. Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Lahore.
Another BD described is cyclothymic disorder, which involves recurrent episodes of hypomania and subclinical depression.
Estimates Of People of BD
According to the WHO, in October 2015, 3% of the world’s population (approximately 350 million people in the world) have bipolar disease, occurring in all cultures and races.
It is difficult to estimate the incidence of TB. This is because the disease becomes evident after a long period. Usually in the first episode it not diagnoses. Because in most cases it begins with a depressive episode. It estimates that around 10% of people with depression develop one of the variants of BD.
Worldwide Study on Mental Health
Its prevalence considers to be variable, according to the estimated source. A recent worldwide epidemiological study based on the Mental Health Survey Initiative proposed by the WHO. Revealed lifetime prevalence rates of the bipolar spectrum of approximately 2.4%, specifically 0.6% for type I TB, 0.4% for type II TB and 1.4% for other subclinical forms of TB.
While annual prevalence rates were 1.5% for the bipolar spectrum. Particularly 0 0.4% for TB type I, 0.3% for TB type II and 0.8% for the rest of the spectrum. However, these estimates depend on changes in diagnostic criteria over time and the geographical area from which the sample draws.
Multicenter International Collaborative Study
The onset of BD takes place between late adolescence and young adulthood. Around 25 years of age. Although it suggests that it is a disease that is usually underdiagnosed. As we mentioned previously in general as unipolar depression. And therefore, leads to a significant diagnostic delay. In a multicenter international collaborative study. The rates of diagnostic delay replicates in countries that are very different geographically and socio-culturally.
Patients with earlier-onset BD have a delay in starting treatment. More severe depressive symptoms, and comorbidity with other disorders. Such as anxiety and substance use disorders.
Treatment Of Decrease
Symptoms of this disorder can cause impaired interpersonal relationships, low level of functioning in school or work. And can culminate in suicide. However, patients with this disease and timely diagnosis can receive treatment. And lead a functional and productive life. With a decrease in the frequency, severity, and duration of episodes. And a decrease in the number of admissions.
Vieta E, highlights that ¨early intervention is a paradigm that, if properly applied, can save lives. And significantly prevent many of the clinical and social complications associated with bipolar disorder.
Precisely the goal of treatment is to prevent recurrences of depressive and manic episodes. This reduces residual symptoms and reduce the risk of suicide.
In addition to achieving maximum patient function, decreased cycling frequency, mood instability, and adverse effects of treatment. Bipolar Disorder Treatment in Lahore.
Epidemiological Aspects of Disease
There are few investigations related to the epidemiological aspects of this disease. Considering the prevalence and the results of international research. That suggest that patients diagnosed late have a worse prognosis and a worse response. And that they have functional deterioration, it decides to describe the main clinical manifestations. Classification and some aspects Epidemiological studies of bipolar disorders. That allow raising the level of knowledge about this condition and could facilitate its early detection with the aim of establishing timely treatment. To reduce the suffering, it causes for the family and for the patient, as well as disability and costs to public health.
Bipolar disorder is a chronic and relapsing disorder characterized by pathological fluctuations in mood. The phases of the illness include hypomanic, manic, and depressive episodes. These episodes interfere significantly in the daily life of the patient. And in his environment, with significant effects on his health and quality of life.
For more information visit our website: www.bridgerehablahore.com