Some surgical procedures also interrupt the digestion of food, preventing the absorption of certain calories and nutrients, such as vitamins. Recent studies suggest that bariatric surgery may even reduce death rates in patients with severe obesity. The best results occur when patients undergo surgery with healthy eating habits and regular exercise.
Bariatric Surgery For Adults
Currently, bariatric surgery may be an option for adults suffering from severe obesity. The Body Mass Index (BMI), a measure of height versus weight, is used to define obesity levels. Clinically severe obesity is a BMI 40 or a BMI 35 with a serious health problem related to obesity.
These health problems can include type 2 diabetes, heart disease or severe sleep apnea (when breathing stops sleeping for short periods of time).
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of an adjustable gastric band (or AGB) for patients with a BMI greater than 30 and also with at least one obesity-related condition, such as heart disease or diabetes.
Who Is A Good Adult Candidate For Surgery?
Having surgery to produce weight loss is a serious decision. Anyone considering this surgery should know what it is. Answers to the following questions can help patients decide whether weight loss surgery is right for them.
Is the patient:
Are there little chances of losing weight or maintaining it in the long term using other methods?
Well informed about the effects of surgery and treatment?
Aware of the risks and benefits of surgery?
Ready to lose weight and improve your health?
Aware of the possible evolution of life after the operation? (For example, patients need to adjust to side effects, such as the need to chew food properly and the loss of ability to eat large meals.)
Aware of the limitations of food choices and occasional failures?
Are you committed to healthy eating and physical activity throughout your life, medical follow-up and vitamin and mineral supplements?
There is no safe method, including surgery, to produce and maintain weight loss. Some patients who undergo bariatric surgery done with the most advance Bariatric Surgery Instruments may lose weight without achieving their goals. Research also suggests that many patients regain some of the weight loss over time.
The amount of weight recovered can vary depending on obesity and the type of surgery. Habits such as often snacking on high-calorie foods or not exercising can affect weight loss and weight gain. Problems that can occur during surgery, such as a stretched pouch or separate stitches, can also affect weight loss.
Success is possible. Patients must commit to changing their habits and receiving lifelong medical follow-up.
Bariatric Surgery For Young People
Obesity rates among young people are high. Bariatric surgery is sometimes used to treat young people suffering from extreme obesity. Although it is clear that adolescents can lose weight after bariatric surgery, many questions remain about the long-term effects on the adolescent body and mind development.
Who Is A Good Young Candidate For Surgery?
Experts in childhood obesity and bariatric surgery suggest that families consider surgery only after young people have tried for at least 6 months to lose weight and have not had success.1 Candidates should respond to criteria:
You are extremely obese (BMI 40)
Have adult size (usually from 13 years for girls and 15 years for boys)
You have serious weight-related health problems, such as type 2 diabetes or sleep apnea, which can improve with bariatric surgery
In addition, health care providers need to assess potential patients and their parents to determine how emotionally prepared they are for the surgery and lifestyle changes they will need to make.
Health care providers should also refer young patients to specialized bariatric surgery centers for young people focused on meeting their specific needs.
There is growing evidence that bariatric surgery may positively alter the weight and health of young people with extreme obesity. Over the years, gastric bypass surgery has been the main surgical intervention used to treat extreme obesity in young people.
It is estimated that 2,700 bariatric surgeries were performed in young people between 1996 and 2003.2 A review of short-term data from the largest inpatient database in the United States suggests that these surgeries are at least as safe for young people than for adults.
To date, the use of GBAs in youth under the age of 18 has not been approved in the United States. However, favorable results in terms of weight loss after AGB in young people have been reported abroad.
Find out all the information about bariatric surgery instruments. Gerati can help you compare the prices of bariatric surgery instruments, which are included in the popularity and features.