A neurologist is a doctor who treats problems that affect the brain, spinal cord and nervous system. Two specific areas of treatment that neurologists treat are chronic pain and sleep disorders.
Neurologist in Dubai not only identify and treat devastating muscle diseases like MS, but also provide safe and effective treatment for chronic pain.
Pain is transmitted through the nervous system to the brain, which recognizes a foreign stimulus and translates the degree of injury into pain. The spinal cord houses a bundle of nerves that relay the pain message to the brain within seconds.
In chronic pain, these messages sometimes do not stop when the injury heals. Long-term conditions such as arthritis are thought to contribute to the persistent pain messages because the nerve pathways may be damaged. This is thought to lead to over stimulation of the pain center and create a memory. Even if there is no current injury, the pain response feels the same.
Whether the pain is long or short term, or due to trauma or unknown causes, a neurologist is often the best solution to relieve the suffering. Based on the patient’s history, physical impairments and pain locations, the neurologist may order a series of tests to determine the actual cause and pathway of the pain. Once a diagnosis is made, the treatment plan is discussed and initiated.
In addition to pain management, a neurologist can also help with sleep disorders. There are many of these disorders with a variety of causes. Here are some of the most common sleep disorders that can be treated by a neurologist:
Sleep apnea – Sleep apnea is a common disorder that can cause serious health problems if not corrected. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the tissues in the throat collapse or the tongue falls back into the throat, preventing proper breathing. However, there is another form known as central sleep apnea, which occurs when the brain does not command the breathing muscles to do their job. The long-term consequences can be severe, including heart attacks, an enlarged heart and/or heart failure, strokes and headaches.
Narcolepsy – Narcolepsy is another sleep disorder with significant effects. This disorder is often a neurological problem, but not all cases are the same. Some patients are paralyzed upon waking and are unable to move their limbs. Other patients have fallen asleep while working or even driving.
Insomnia – Insomnia is a sleep disorder that can make it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep through the night. Comorbid insomnia is the inability to sleep due to other conditions such as depression or chronic pain.
Proper diagnosis is critical for treatment and control of these disorders. Sleep studies may be needed to determine oxygen levels and brain waves during sleep. An EEG is used to study electrical activity during sleep or sleep apnea. In addition, a genetic history and tests may be suggested to identify underlying health problems causing the sleep disorder.
Once diagnosed, treatment begins and the condition subsides or is eliminated. Seeking the help of a neurologist early can limit the damage caused by unknown causes. A simple change in diet or taking medication may be enough to change sleep habits and restore normal, restful sleep.